History of Ethiopia የኢትዮጵያ ታሪክ
History of Ethiopia : Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa and home of humankind. Ethiopia is the oldest independent country and most populous nation in Africa. The capital city is Addis Abeba (New Flower).
Map of Ethiopia - Old (Before 1991) // የኢትዮጵያ የቀድሞው ካርታ
Map of Ethiopia - Current // የኢትዮጵያ አዲሱ ካርታ
Ethiopian Flag - Old // የኢትዮጵያ የቀድሞው ባንዲራ (ሰንደቅ ዓላማ)
Ethiopian Flag - Current // የኢትዮጵያ አዲሱ ባንዲራ (ሰንደቅ ዓላማ)
Ethiopian climate is temperate on the plateau and hot in the lowlands.
The weather is usually sunny and dry, but the short (BELG) rains occur from February to April and the big (MEHER) rains from mid-June to mid-September. Ethiopia's climate and it's dependent territories varies greatly.
There are indigenous languages in Ethiopia and Amharic language is the national language of Ethiopia. Ethiopia has it's own alphabet called Geez (Ethiopic)
Ethiopia is one of the first Christian country in the world and Orthodox Christianity is the largest in Ethiopia followed by ISLAM.
Ethiopia has close historical ties to all three of the world's major Abrahamic religions. Christians form the majority of the population. Islam is the second most followed religion, with 33.9% of the population being adherents. 2.6% of the population (mainly in the far south and southwest) follow traditional religions; other religions (Bahá'í, Judaism, etc.) make up the remaining 0.6%. Ethiopia is the site of the first Hejira in Islamic history and the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa at Ne gash. Until the 1980s, a substantial population of Ethiopian Jews resided in Ethiopia. The country is also the spiritual homeland of the Rastafari religious movement, that is influenced by Pan-Africanism and has globalized Ethiopian flag tricolors with the spread of Reggae music alongside Hip hop culture.
There are numerous indigenous African religions in Ethiopia, mainly located in the far southwest and western borderlands. In general, most of the (largely members of the non-Chalcedonian Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church) Christians live in the highlands, while Muslims and adherents of traditional African religions tend to inhabit more lowland regions in the east and south of the country.
Ethiopia has it's own calendar, which is based on the Coptic calendar and it is roughly eight years behind Gregorian Calender.
- - The Ethiopian calendar has twelve months of 30 days each, plus five or six epogomenal days (often called a thirteenth month).
- - The sixth epigolal day is added (without exception) every four years on August 29 of the Julian calendar, six months before the July leap day.
The music of Ethiopia is extremely divers. It's music uses a distinct modal system that is pentatonic, with characteristically long intervals between some notes.
The main types of sports in Ethiopia are Football and Athletics .
Haile Gebressilassie is the Olympic gold medialist runner in the world and winner of 26 word records.
Abebe Bikela is Ethiopian marathon barefoot runner who won Gold medal in Rome (1960).
- Check this link to learn more about Ethiopian Culture