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  • ውበትን ፍለጋ

    [ ውበት እንደተመልካቹ አይደለም! ]

      ውብ የሆነውን ፈልጎ ማግኘት፤ ከአስቀያሚው ለይቶ ማስቀመጥ ቀላል ነውን? በእርግጥ ቀላል አይደለም፡፡ ግን ደግሞ በፍፁም የማይቻል ጉዳይም አይደለም፡፡ መልካም እና ደጉን ለመለየት የሚያስችል ህሊና እንዳለን ሁሉ፣ ዐይነ ግቡነትና ፉንጋነትን መለየት የሚያስችል ልቡናም አለን፡፡ እንደው በቀላሉ ግራና ቀኛችንን ብናማትር ለምሳሌ እንደ ጌጣ ጌጥ የሚያብለጨልጭ ሕንጻ በአብረቅራቂነቱ ብቻ ውብ እንዳልሆነ ይገባናል (“ያብረቀረቀ ሁሉ ወርቅ አይደለም” እንዲል ምሳሌ)፡፡ በተመሳሳይ ሁኔታም ድምፅ ሁሉ ዜማ አይደለም፤ ሸራ ሁሉ ስዕል አይደለም፤ ፊደል ሁሉ ስነ ጽሑፍ ሊሆን አይችልም፡፡ ዋናው ጥያቄ የሚሆነው ውቡን ከአስቀያሚው ለመለየት ምን ዓይነት ብልሃት እንጠቀም? የሚለው ነው፡፡

    አንድ የጥበብ ሥራ “ውብ ነው” ወይም “አይደለም” ብለን ለመበየን ሥራው በታዳሚያኑ ዘንድ የሚያሳርፈውን የስሜት መለዋወጥ እንደ መመዘኛ ልንወስደው እንደምንችል የጻፉ አሉ፡፡ የሰው ልጅ ልቡና በሦስት ዋና ዋና የስሜት ደረጃዎች ማለትም ሀዘን - ስሜት አልባነት - ሀሴት (Grief – Indifference - Pleasure) መካከል በቋሚነት እንደሚመላለስ ፔንዱለም ነው፡፡ ኤድመን በርክ አንድ የጥበብ ሥራ ስሜታችንን ሀሴት ወደሚባለው ደረጃ አድርሶ የስሜት ከፍታ የሚያሳድርብን ከሆነ ውብ ልንለው እንችላለን ይላል፡፡ (ሀሴት ሲባል ግን “ተባዕቱ እና እንስቷ ገጸባሕርያት ከእንደገና ተገናኝተው በሰላም መኖር ጀመሩ” ብሎ የሚጨርስ ባለ መልካም ፍፃሜ ታሪክ መቋጫ ላይ ያለውን ዓይነት አይደለም)፡፡

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  • Jay Z, Beyonce and Solange are ‘united’ after fight

    Jay Z, his wife Beyonce and her sister Solange say they are a "united family" despite a fight seen in a leaked video.

    The video, which was leaked to US celebrity website TMZ, showed Solange lashing out at Jay Z in a lift after the Met Gala on 5 May.

    "Jay and Solange each assume their share of responsibility for what has occurred," said a joint statement.

    "They both have apologized to each other and we have moved forward as a united family."

    The hotel employee who leaked the footage has been identified and dismissed, it emerged on Thursday.

    New York's Standard Hotel said it was "shocked and disappointed" by the leak and said it would it would hand over "all available information to criminal authorities".

    The employee was dismissed for "breaching the security policies of the hotel and recording the confidential CCTV video," it added.

    The three-minute video shows Solange - herself an R&B singer - enter the lift with Jay Z, Beyonce and their entourage.

    She then confronts the rapper, whose wife stands by without interfering.

    A bodyguard holds Solange back, although she again tries to kick Jay Z. There is no audio on the recording.

    The full statement was released by the family to the Associated Press.

    It reads: "As a result of the public release of the elevator security footage from Monday, May 5th, there has been a great deal of speculation about what triggered the unfortunate incident.

    "But the most important thing is that our family has worked through it. Jay and Solange each assume their share of responsibility for what has occurred.

    "They both acknowledge their role in this private matter that has played out in the public. They both have apologized to each other and we have moved forward as a united family.

    "The reports of Solange being intoxicated or displaying erratic behaviour throughout that evening are simply false.

    "At the end of the day, families have problems and we're no different. We love each other and above all we are family. We've put this behind us and hope everyone else will do the same.

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  • Kenya's Nairobi hit by twin blasts in Gikomba market

    Two explosions have struck the Gikomba market area of the Kenyan capital Nairobi, killing at least 10 people and injuring scores, officials say.

    It is not clear what caused the blasts but Kenya has been hit by a spate of attacks in recent years.

    They have mostly been blamed on the al-Shabab militant Islamist group from neighbouring Somalia.

    Hundreds of British tourists have been evacuated from the coastal resort area of Mombasa amid warnings of an attack.

    British tour companies have suspended flights to Mombasa, Kenya's second largest city.

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  • Nigeria abducted schoolgirls: President to visit Chibok

    Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan will on Friday visit the north-eastern town where more than 200 schoolgirls were abducted, officials have said.

    Nothing was seen of the girls for almost a month after they were taken from Chibok by Boko Haram militants.

    But on Monday the group released a video showing more than 100 of them and offering an exchange for prisoners.

    The president has come under pressure over his government's failure to rescue the girls, but has ruled out a swap.

    The UK's Africa Minister Mark Simmonds said Mr Jonathan "made it very clear that there will be no negotiation", at a meeting on Wednesday.

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  • Syria conflict: Deadly blast near Turkey border crossing

    At least 43 people have been killed in a car bombing near the border between Syria and Turkey, activists say.

    A car filled with explosives was reportedly blown up in the Karaj Sajou area, near the Bab al-Salam crossing in the northern province of Aleppo.

    The UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that five women and three children were among the dead.

    A video posted online appeared to show smoke rising from burning vehicles, charred corpses and scattered luggage.

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